On This Day - 5th May
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Sunday May 5 1861
- Fort Arbuckle and Fort Cobb, of the Indian Territory, the Chickasaw Indian Nation, are abandoned, by Lieut. Col. William H. Emory, 1st US Cavalry, on his March to Fort Leavenworth, KS.
- Alexandria, VA, is abandoned by the Virginia state troops.
Monday May 5 1862
- Samuel Peter Heintzelman, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
- Brig. Gen. James G. Blunt, USA, assumes the command of the Dept. of Kansas.
- Skirmish at Lockridge Mills, or Dresden, KY.
- Action at Lebanon, TN, with Brig. Gen. Ebenezer Dumont, USA.
- Col. Justus Steinberger, 1st Washington Territory Infantry, relieves Col. Albemarle Cady, 7th US Infantry, in command of the District of Oregon.
- The Battle of Williamsburg, VA, between Maj. Gens. James Longstreet and Daniel H. Hill, CSA, fighting a rear guard delaying action with the advancing Federals led by Joseph Hooker and Philip Kearney, under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, USA, the Peninsula Campaign.
- President Abraham Lincoln sails to Fortress Monroe, VA, to observe first hand the advance of the Army of the Potomac.
Tuesday May 5 1863
- Federal scout from Fort Scott, KS, to Sherwood, MO, and skirmishes with the Confederates encamped near Sherwood, on Centre Creek, MO, scattering the Rebels. (May 5-9)
- Skirmish at Big Sandy Creek, MS.
- Action at King's Creek, near Tupelo, MS, with a Confederate defeat under Brig. Gen. Daniel Ruggles, CSA, by Col. Corwyn.
- Skirmish at Peletier's Mill, NC.
- The leading Copperhead, or Peace Democrat, Clement Vallandigham, is arrested at his home and taken to Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's, Dept. of the Ohio headquarters in Cincinnati, OH.
- Affair at Obion Plank Road Crossing, TN.
- Skirmish at Rover, TN, with Rebel cavalry.
- Union expedition from Camp Douglas, the Utah Territory, to Soda Springs, on the Bear River, the Idaho Territory, for the purpose of establishing a new post in that region for the protection of the overland emigration to Oregon, California and the Bannock City Mines, in addition to searching for the Sagwich Indians. (May 5-30)
- Skirmish at Thompson's Cross-Roads, VA, with Maj. Gen. George Stoneman's, USA, Cavalry.
Thursday May 5 1864
- Federal scout in Craighead and Lawrence Counties, AR. (May 5-9)
- Skirmish near the mouth of Richland Creek, AR.
- Skirmish near Tunnel Hill, G A.
- Federal scout in Meade and Breckinridge Counties, KY, with a skirmish on Beaver Creek with guerrillas.
- Engagement at Dunn's Bayou, Red River, LA, including the Union ironclad gunboat, Signal, the Union steamer, the Covington, and the Federal transport ship, the Warner, the Red River (LA) Campaign.
- Skirmish at Graham's Plantation, LA, on the Red River, the Red River (LA) Campaign.
- Skirmish at Natchitoches, LA, on the Red River, the Red River (LA) Campaign.
- The Confederate ironclad ram, Albemarle, disables the Federal blockade vessel, Sassacus, and encounters the following Union vessels: Ceres, Commodore Hull, Mattabesett, Miami, Seymour, Wyalusing, and the Whitehead, the Roanoke River, NC.
- Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, USA, lands at Bermuda Hundred and City Point, VA, below Richmond, VA.
- Brig. Gen. August V. Kautz's, USA, raid against the Petersburg and Weldon Railroad, VA, including skirmishes:
- at the Birch Island Bridges, the Blackwater River (May 6),
- Stony Creek Station (May 7), and
- at Jarratt's Station and White's Bridge (May 8), VA.
- The Battle of the Wilderness, including combats with Maj. Gens. Gouverneur K. Warren, John Sedgwick, and William B. Franklin, USA, and Lieut. Gens. James Longstreet, Richard S. Ewell and A. P. Hill, CSA, at:
- the Brock Road
- Craig Meeting House
- the Furnaces
- Parker's Store
- Todd's Tavern, etc.
Total casualties approximate 25,000. (May 5-7)
- Brig. Gen. Micah Jenkins, CSA, is mortally wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness, with a Federal Minieball that lodged in his brain.
- Brig. Gen. John Marshall Jones, CSA, is mortally wounded as his brigade opened the Battle of the Wilderness, VA, shot down from his horse while rallying his men from the initial Federal assault on the Confederate lines.
- Brig. Gen. Leroy Augustus Stafford, CSA., is mortally wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness, VA, while leading his men against the Federals.
- Maj. Gen. Alexander Hays, USA, is mortally wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness, VA, while leading his men near the Brock and Orange Plank Road.
- Confederate raid on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Bloomington and Piedmont, WV, under Capt. John H. McNeill, of the Virginia Partisan Rangers, as the Rebels capture Piedmont as well as freight trains, mail train, bridges, 104 prisoners, many railroad cars in depot, etc. Everything captured was burned.
- US Cavalry expedition under Brig. Gen. William W Averell, USA, sets out from Logan Court-House, WV, against the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad.
Friday May 5 1865
- Connecticut becomes the 20th state to ratify the 13th amendment which will abolish slavery.
- Skirmish at Summerville, GA.
- Col. Charles Everett, 2nd Louisiana Infantry, is assigned to the command of the District of Bonnet Carre, LA.
- Skirmish with guerrillas in the Perche Hills, MO.
- The Indian attack on the wagon train near Mullahla's Station, the Nebraska Territory.
- President Jefferson Davis and the few remnants of Confederate political authority arrive at Sandersville, GA.
- Federal expedition from Pulaski, TN, to New Market, AL. (May 5-13)
On This Day information kindly provided by Martin Cross, 2nd U.S. Artillery, Battery B.